For dogs, cats, tortoises, lizards, and other exotic animals, dental care is as essential as it is for felines. During a regular health examination, exotic pets must have their mouths checked for safety measures to ensure everything is in order. Certain animals such as ferrets, bearded dragons, hedgehogs, and bearded lizards might require dental cleanings like cats or dogs.
The teeth of animals continue to grow throughout their entire lives. If left untreated, this growth could result in sharp spurs that can cut their tongues or gums.
Most pet owners don’t clean their pet’s teeth, which could lead to tartar buildup and stinky breath. Over months or years causes periodontal disease, gingivitis, and tooth root infections. Bacteria can build up and then move through the bloodstream, causing them to infiltrate vital organs such as kidneys and the heart, where they can cause potentially fatal issues.
Veterinary Dentistry for Exotic Pets
By taking preventative oral care, most exotic pets, like ferrets and rabbits, reptiles, and rats, are required to undergo a thorough oral exam every year as part of the routine physical exam. Some animals, like ferrets and bearded dragon lizards, need annual dental cleanings to remove tartar or plaque buildup and carefully inspect teeth for irregular symptoms of illness, wear, fractures, or looseness.
Scale and Polish
Each tooth will first undergo ultrasonic scaling to eliminate tartar. This is followed by polishing. This procedure is usually done to prevent the spread of tooth disease. A once-a-year polish and scale can benefit dragons and ferrets, particularly bearded dragons.
This procedure is often done on rabbits, and guinea pigs after the teeth of the cheek have developed sharp spikes or spurs or when the teeth have become too long and growing in the wrong direction. In most cases, they must be treated under anesthesia with a specialized dental bur. Visit a veterinarian for a cat vaccination schedule.
Correction or Removal of Incisor Teeth
Most of the time, problems that concern the jaw teeth or abnormal jaw alignment of rabbits from birth cause malocclusion in the front incisor teeth. This alters the way the teeth confront one another. A correction could be all that’s required when the primary cheek tooth issue is the same as the incisor’s form and curvature has drastically changed.
Since they may develop swiftly and rapidly, they often need to be cut once the incisors have stopped supporting the animal’s back and meet. If this happens, it is advisable to eliminate the incisors as it provides an additional long-term solution. Look up “Internal medicine vet” for the best results.
Removal of Tooth Root Abscesses
Root abscesses are usually solid lumps on the lower or upper jaw tooth. The tooth and bone abscess are generally removed in the course of treatment.
It’s usually necessary to leave a drainage hole to allow for the drainage of the abscess, depending on the tooth involved. Postoperatively, injectable antibiotics and frequent visits are frequently necessary.
It’s crucial to remember that the treatment could need to be continuous and ongoing, dependent on how severe the dental problems of your exotic pet are. For certain people, it is necessary to make regular dental treatments. Radiographs or CT scans can often predict this, but sometimes it is only time to tell. Consult a veterinarian to learn more.